International Journal of School Health

Published by: Kowsar

Think and Act Positive: How to Deal with Conformity and Purpose in Life During Adolescence

Mohsen Jadidi ORCID 1 , Maryam Shahnasi ORCID 2 , * and Mohammad Bagher Saberi Zafarghandi 3
Authors Information
1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Diabetes Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
3 Department of Addiction, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medicine Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of School Health: July 31, 2019, 6 (3); e79870
  • Published Online: August 7, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 28, 2018
  • Revised: July 29, 2019
  • Accepted: August 3, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/intjsh.79870

How to Cite: Jadidi M, Shahnasi M, Saberi Zafarghandi M B. Think and Act Positive: How to Deal with Conformity and Purpose in Life During Adolescence, Int J School Health. 2019 ; 6(3):e79870. doi: 10.5812/intjsh.79870.

Copyright © 2019, International Journal of School Health. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Rathi N, Rastogi R. Meaning in life and psychological well-being in pre-adolescents and adolescents. J Indian Acad Appl Psychol. 2007;33(1):31-8.
  • 2. Negru-Subtirica O, Pop EI, Luyckx K, Dezutter J, Steger MF. The meaningful identity: A longitudinal look at the interplay between identity and meaning in life in adolescence. Dev Psychol. 2016;52(11):1926-36. doi: 10.1037/dev0000176. [PubMed: 27598255].
  • 3. Kiang L, Fuligni AJ. Meaning in life as a mediator of ethnic identity and adjustment among adolescents from Latin, Asian, and European American backgrounds. J Youth Adolesc. 2010;39(11):1253-64. doi: 10.1007/s10964-009-9475-z. [PubMed: 19915965]. [PubMed Central: PMC2937152].
  • 4. Okun MA, Kim GY. The interplay of frequency of volunteering and prosocial motivation on purpose in life in emerging adults. J Soc Psychol. 2016;156(3):328-33. doi: 10.1080/00224545.2015.1080657. [PubMed: 27064183].
  • 5. Ho MY, Cheung FM, Cheung SF. The role of meaning in life and optimism in promoting well-being. Pers Ind Differ. 2010;48(5):658-63. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.01.008.
  • 6. Capra CM, Li L. Conformity in contribution games: Gender and group effects. Emory Econ. 2006;601.
  • 7. Cialdini RB, Goldstein NJ. Social influence: Compliance and conformity. Annu Rev Psychol. 2004;55:591-621. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.142015. [PubMed: 14744228].
  • 8. Shamsaee MM, Karimi Y, Jadidi M, Nikkhah HR. Conformity: Its correlations with Ned big five, gender and marital status. J Appl Psychol. 2009;3(1):69-83.
  • 9. Walsh S, Cassidy M, Priebe S. The application of positive psychotherapy in mental health care: A systematic review. J Clin Psychol. 2017;73(6):638-51. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22368. [PubMed: 27482845].
  • 10. Kwok SY, Gu M, Kit KTK. Positive psychology intervention to alleviate child depression and increase life satisfaction. Res Soc Work Prac. 2016;26(4):350-61. doi: 10.1177/1049731516629799.
  • 11. O'Hanlon B, Bertolino B. The therapist's notebook on positive psychology: Activities, exercises, and handouts. New York: Routledge; 2012. doi: 10.4324/9780203810248.
  • 12. Shoshani A, Steinmetz S. Positive psychology at school: A school-based intervention to promote adolescents’ mental health and well-being. J Happiness Stud. 2013;15(6):1289-311. doi: 10.1007/s10902-013-9476-1.
  • 13. Crumbaugh JC, Maholick LT. Manual of instructions for the purpose-in-life test. Viktor Frankl Institute of Logotherapy; 1969.
  • 14. Babaei L, Fakhri MK, Jadidi M, Salehi OMT. The impact of dialectical behavior therapy on emotion regulation and perceived social support in patients with coronary heart disease. J Babol Univ Med Sci. 2015;17(11):21-7.
  • 15. Barzegar Damadi MA, Mirzaian B, Akha O, Hosseini H, Jadidi M. Effect of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on HbA1C, self-efficacy, depression, illness perception, and quality of life in patients with type II diabetes. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2018;27(158):87-100.
  • 16. Hosseinpour N, Jadidi M, Mirzaian B, Hoseiny H. The efficiency of solution-focused brief therapy on adjustment problems of female students in Amol, Iran. Int J Sch Health. 2015;3(1). doi: 10.17795/intjsh-27002.
  • 17. Vahidiborji G, Jadidi M, Donyavi R. The study of effectiveness of reality therapy on adjustment of female adolescent with anxiety. J Psychol Clin Psychiatry. 2017;7(1):414. doi: 10.15406/jpcpy.2017.07.00414.
  • 18. Parks AC, Seligman MEP. 8-week group positive psychotherapy (PPT) manual. Unpublished manuscript. 2007.
  • 19. Baron-Oladi S, Navidian A, Kaveh-Farsani Z. The study of relationship between addiction potentiality and personality characteristics, conformity and gender among pre-university students. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2013;15.
  • 20. Issazadegan A, Matlabi M, Sepehrian Azar F. Comparing the purpose of life and quality of life, in cancerous patients and healthy individuals. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2016;13(12):1097-103.
  • 21. Sin NL, Lyubomirsky S. Enhancing well-being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: A practice-friendly meta-analysis. J Clin Psychol. 2009;65(5):467-87. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20593. [PubMed: 19301241].
  • 22. Seligman ME, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. Am Psychol. 2005;60(5):410-21. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410. [PubMed: 16045394].
  • 23. Peterson C, Seligman MEP. Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. 1. Oxford University Press; 2004.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments