International Journal of School Health

Published by: Kowsar

Executive Functions and Dietary Behaviors in School-Aged Children

Christine A. Limbers 1 , * , Kaitlyn Egan 2 and L. Adelyn Cohen 3
Authors Information
1 Ph.D., Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University
2 M.S., Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University
3 M.S., Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University
Article information
  • International Journal of School Health: January 2018, 5 (1); e61194
  • Published Online: December 27, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 1, 2017
  • Revised: October 30, 2017
  • Accepted: November 2, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/intjsh.61194

To Cite: Limbers C A, Egan K, Cohen L A. Executive Functions and Dietary Behaviors in School-Aged Children, Int J School Health. 2018 ; 5(1):e61194. doi: 10.5812/intjsh.61194.

Copyright © 2018, International Journal of School Health. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. JAMA. 2014; 311(8): 806-14[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity, and Health. 2016;
  • 3. Poirier P, Giles TD, Bray GA, Hong Y, Stern JS, Pi-Sunyer FX, et al. Obesity and cardiovascular disease: pathophysiology, evaluation, and effect of weight loss: an update of the 1997 American Heart Association Scientific Statement on Obesity and Heart Disease from the Obesity Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation. 2006; 113(6): 898-918[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Sahoo K, Sahoo B, Choudhury AK, Sofi NY, Kumar R, Bhadoria AS. Childhood obesity: causes and consequences. J Family Med Prim Care. 2015; 4(2): 187-92[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Ebbeling CB, Sinclair KB, Pereira MA, Garcia-Lago E, Feldman HA, Ludwig DS. Compensation for energy intake from fast food among overweight and lean adolescents. JAMA. 2004; 291(23): 2828-33[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Berthoud HR. Interactions between the "cognitive" and "metabolic" brain in the control of food intake. Physiol Behav. 2007; 91(5): 486-98[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Miyake A, Friedman NP, Emerson MJ, Witzki AH, Howerter A, Wager TD. The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex "Frontal Lobe" tasks: a latent variable analysis. Cogn Psychol. 2000; 41(1): 49-100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Hofmann W, Schmeichel BJ, Baddeley AD. Executive functions and self-regulation. Trends Cogn Sci. 2012; 16(3): 174-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Nederkoorn C, Houben K, Hofmann W, Roefs A, Jansen A. Control yourself or just eat what you like? Weight gain over a year is predicted by an interactive effect of response inhibition and implicit preference for snack foods. Health Psychol. 2010; 29(4): 389-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Guerrieri R, Nederkoorn C, Jansen A. The interaction between impulsivity and a varied food environment: its influence on food intake and overweight. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008; 32(4): 708-14[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Guerrieri R, Nederkoorn C, Schrooten M, Martijn C, Jansen A. Inducing impulsivity leads high and low restrained eaters into overeating, whereas current dieters stick to their diet. Appetite. 2009; 53(1): 93-100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Limbers CA, Young D. Executive functions and consumption of fruits/ vegetables and high saturated fat foods in young adults. J Health Psychol. 2015; 20(5): 602-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Wong CL, Mullan BA. Predicting breakfast consumption: an application of the theory of planned behaviour and the investigation of past behaviour and executive function. Br J Health Psychol. 2009; 14: 489-504[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Allom V, Mullan B. Individual differences in executive function predict distinct eating behaviours. Appetite. 2014; 80: 123-30[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, Sakuma KL, Chou CP, Pentz MA. Executive cognitive function and food intake in children. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2010; 42(6): 398-403[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Wills TA, Isasi CR, Mendoza D, Ainette MG. Self-control constructs related to measures of dietary intake and physical activity in adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2007; 41(6): 551-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Riggs N, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA. Executive cognitive function as a correlate and predictor of child food intake and physical activity. Child Neuropsychol. 2010; 16(3): 279-92[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Tate EB, Unger JB, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA, Riggs NR. Children's executive function and high-calorie, low-nutrient food intake: mediating effects of child-perceived adult fast food intake. Health Educ Behav. 2015; 42(2): 163-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Baron IS. Behavior rating inventory of executive function. Child Neuropsychol. 2000; 6(3): 235-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Toobert DJ, Glasgow RE. Handbook of Psychology and Diabetes. 1994; : 351-75
  • 21. Toobert DJ, Hampson SE, Glasgow RE. The summary of diabetes self-care activities measure: results from 7 studies and a revised scale. Diabetes Care. 2000; 23(7): 943-50[PubMed]
  • 22. Johnson F, Wardle J, Griffith J. The Adolescent Food Habits Checklist: reliability and validity of a measure of healthy eating behaviour in adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002; 56(7): 644-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (revised ed.). 1977;
  • 24. SPSS 22.0 for windows. 2013;
  • 25. Adriaanse MA, Vinkers CD, De Ridder DT, Hox JJ, De Wit JB. Do implementation intentions help to eat a healthy diet? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the empirical evidence. Appetite. 2011; 56(1): 183-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Magarey A, Watson J, Golley RK, Burrows T, Sutherland R, McNaughton SA, et al. Assessing dietary intake in children and adolescents: Considerations and recommendations for obesity research. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011; 6(1): 2-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Goulden LG, Silver CH. Concordance of the Children’s Executive Functions Scale With Established Tests and Parent Rating Scales. J Psychoeduc Assess. 2009; 27(6): 439-51[DOI]

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments