How to Cite:
A. Prevalence of Developmental Defects of Enamel and Dental Caries in 9-Year-Old Children of Areas With Different Levels of Fluoride, Fars Province, Iran,
Int J School Health.
FDI World Dental Federation . The challenge of oral disease - A call for global action: The oral health atlas. 2015;
Yadav PK, Saha S, Jagannath GV, Singh S. Prevalence and Association of Developmental Defects of Enamel with, Dental- Caries and Nutritional Status in Pre-School Children, Lucknow.
J Clin Diagn Res. 2015; 9(10) -4
Vargas-Ferreira F, Ardenghi TM. Developmental enamel defects and their impact on child oral health-related quality of life.
Braz Oral Res. 2011; 25(6) : 531
Salanitri S, Seow WK. Developmental enamel defects in the primary dentition: aetiology and clinical management.
Aust Dent J. 2013; 58(2) : 133
5. An epidemiological index of developmental defects of enamel. 1982;
Silk H. Diseases of the mouth.
Prim Care. 2014; 41(1) : 75
Cahen PM, Obry-Musset AM, Grange D, Frank RM. Caries prevalence in 6- to 15-year-old French children based on the 1987 and 1991 national surveys.
J Dent Res. 1993; 72(12) : 1581
King NM, Wei SH. Developmental defects of enamel: a study of 12-year-olds in Hong Kong.
J Am Dent Assoc. 1986; 112(6) : 835
Robles MJ, Ruiz M, Bravo-Perez M, Gonzalez E, Penalver MA. Prevalence of enamel defects in primary and permanent teeth in a group of schoolchildren from Granada (Spain).
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2013; 18(2) -93
Schluter PJ, Kanagaratnam S, Durward CS, Mahood R. Prevalence of enamel defects and dental caries among 9-year-old Auckland children.
N Z Dent J. 2008; 104(4) : 145
Yusoff N, Jaafar N, Razak IA, Chew YY, Ismail N, Bulgiba AM. The prevalence of enamel opacities in permanent teeth of 11-12 year-old school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Community Dent Health. 2008; 25(1) : 55
Farsi N. Developmental enamel defects and their association with dental caries in preschoolers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Oral Health Prev Dent. 2010; 8(1) : 85
Golkari A, Sabokseir A, Pakshir HR, Dean MC, Sheiham A, Watt RG. A comparison of photographic, replication and direct clinical examination methods for detecting developmental defects of enamel.
BMC Oral Health. 2011; 11 : 16
Steinbach MM, Klein SJ. The Effects of Gonadotropic Hormones in the Treatment of Experimental Tuberculosis.
J Exp Med. 1937; 65(2) : 205
Perinetti G, Varvara G, Esposito P. Prevalence of dental caries in schoolchildren living in rural and urban areas: results from the first region-wide Italian survey.
Oral Health Prev Dent. 2006; 4(3) : 199
Goyal A, Gauba K, Chawla HS, Kaur M, Kapur A. Epidemiology of dental caries in Chandigarh school children and trends over the last 25 years.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2007; 25(3) : 115
Farooqi FA, Khabeer A, Moheet IA, Khan SQ, Farooq I, ArRejaie AS. Prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and its relation with tooth brushing habits among schoolchildren in Eastern Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Med J. 2015; 36(6) : 737
Ebrahimi M, Ajami BA, Sarraf Shirazi AR, Afzal Aghaee M, Rashidi S. Dental treatment needs of permanent first molars in mashhad schoolchildren.
J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2010; 4(2) : 52
Buzalaf MA, Pessan JP, Honorio HM, ten Cate JM. Mechanisms of action of fluoride for caries control.
Monogr Oral Sci. 2011; 22 : 97
Yeung CA. A systematic review of the efficacy and safety of fluoridation.
Evid Based Dent. 2008; 9(2) : 39
Wong HM, McGrath C, Lo EC, King NM. Association between developmental defects of enamel and different concentrations of fluoride in the public water supply.
Caries Res. 2006; 40(6) : 481
Ekanayake L, van der Hoek W. Dental caries and developmental defects of enamel in relation to fluoride levels in drinking water in an arid area of Sri Lanka.
Caries Res. 2002; 36(6) : 398
Clarkson J, O'Mullane D. A modified DDE Index for use in epidemiological studies of enamel defects.
J Dent Res. 1989; 68(3) : 445
25. Oral Health Surveys-Basic Methods. 2013;
Wong HM, McGrath C, Lo EC, King NM. Photographs as a means of assessing developmental defects of enamel.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2005; 33(6) : 438
Kanagaratnam S, Schluter P, Durward C, Mahood R, Mackay T. Enamel defects and dental caries in 9-year-old children living in fluoridated and nonfluoridated areas of Auckland, New Zealand.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2009; 37(3) : 250
Xue Y, Lin W, Jie L, Qing D. [Caries status of the first permanent molar among 7- to 9-year-old children in Tangshan city and their correlation].
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2015; 33(1) : 54
Al-Samadani KH, Ahmad MS. Prevalence of first permanent molar caries in and its relationship to the dental knowledge of 9-12-year olds from jeddah, kingdom of saudi arabia.
ISRN Dent. 2012; 2012 : 391068
Borutta A, Brauner K, Hufnagl S, Marton S, Mavrodisz K, Tarjan I. Oral health in 8-9 year-old children in Saxony-Anhalt (Germany) and in two Hungarian cities (Budapest and Debrecen).
Community Dent Health. 2006; 23(1) : 26
Ramezani G, Valaie N, Rakhshan V. The effect of water fluoride concentration on dental caries and fluorosis in five Iran provinces: A multi-center two-phase study.
Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2015; 12(1) : 31
Sealants for preventing dental decay in the permanent teeth.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013; (3)[DOI][PubMed]