International Journal of School Health

Published by: Kowsar
Crossmark

The Effect of Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy and Family Social Support on Test Anxiety in Elementary Students: A Path Model

Ali Asghar Bayani 1 , *
Author Information
1 Department of Psychology and Education, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of School Health: October 01, 2016, 3 (4); e34677
  • Published Online: March 11, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: December 16, 2015
  • Revised: January 31, 2016
  • Accepted: February 22, 2016
  • DOI: 10.17795/intjsh-34677

How to Cite: Bayani A A. The Effect of Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy and Family Social Support on Test Anxiety in Elementary Students: A Path Model, Int J School Health. 2016 ; 3(4):e34677. doi: 10.17795/intjsh-34677.

Abstract
Copyright © 2016, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
References
  • 1. Salend SJ. Addressing test anxiety. Teach Cxcept Children. 2011; 44(2) : 58
  • 2. Putwain DW, Woods KA, Symes W. Personal and situational predictors of test anxiety of students in post-compulsory education. Br J Educ Psychol. 2010; 80 : 137 -60 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Sapp M. Psychodynamic, affective, and behavioral theories to psychotherapy. 2010;
  • 4. Zeidner M. Test anxiety: The state of the art. 1998;
  • 5. Sridevi KV. A study of relationship among general anxiety, test anxiety and academic achievement of higher secondary students. J Educ Pract. 2013; 4(1) : 122 -30
  • 6. Huberty TJ. Test and performance anxiety. Principal leadersh. 2009; 10(1) : 12 -6
  • 7. Sena JD, Lowe PA, Lee SW. Significant predictors of test anxiety among students with and without learning disabilities. J Learn Disabil. 2007; 40(4) : 360 -76 [PubMed]
  • 8. Papantoniou G, Moraitou D, Filippidou D. Psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Test Anxiety Inventory. Psychology. 2011; 2(3) : 241 -7 [DOI]
  • 9. Rothman DK. New approach to test anxiety. J College Student Psychother. 2004; 18(4) : 45 -60
  • 10. Sub A, Prabha C. Academic performance in relation to perfectionism, test procrastination and test anxiety of high school children. Psychol Stud. 2003;
  • 11. Bandura A. Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. Am Psychol. 1982; 37(2) : 122
  • 12. Bandura A. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychol Rev. 1977; 84(2) : 191 -215 [PubMed]
  • 13. Maddux JE, Norton LW, Stoltenberg CD. Self-efficacy expectancy, outcome expectancy, and outcome value: relative effects on behavioral intentions. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1986; 51(4) : 783
  • 14. Lent RW, Brown SD, Larkin KC. Self-efficacy in the prediction of academic performance and perceived career options. J Counsel Psychol. 1986; 33(3) : 265
  • 15. Pajares F, Schunk DH. Self and self-belief in psychology and education: A historical perspective. 2002;
  • 16. Vieno A, Santinello M, Pastore M, Perkins DD. Social support, sense of community in school, and self-efficacy as resources during early adolescence: an integrative model. Am J Community Psychol. 2007; 39(1-2) : 177 -90 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Finney SJ, Schraw G. Self-efficacy beliefs in college statistics courses. Contemp Educ Psychol. 2003; 28(2) : 161 -86 [DOI]
  • 18. Prati G, Pietrantoni L, Cicognani E. Self-efficacy moderates the relationship between stress appraisal and quality of life among rescue workers. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2010; 23(4) : 463 -70 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Tahmassian K, Jalali Moghadam N. Relationship between self-efficacy and symptoms of anxiety, depression, worry and social avoidance in a normal sample of students. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2011; 5(2) : 91 -8 [PubMed]
  • 20. Wong CH, Mruk DD, Lee WM, Cheng CY. Targeted and reversible disruption of the blood-testis barrier by an FSH mutant-occludin peptide conjugate. FASEB J. 2007; 21(2) : 438 -48 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Zeigler-Hill V, Jordan CH. Two faces of self-esteem: implicit and explicit forms of self-esteem. Handbook of implicit social cognition: Measurement, theory, and applications. 2010;
  • 22. Schmitz MF. Influence of Social and Family Contexts on Self-Esteem of Latino Youth. Hispanic J Behav Sci. 2006; 28(4) : 516 -30 [DOI]
  • 23. Orth U, Robins RW, Roberts BW. Low self-esteem prospectively predicts depression in adolescence and young adulthood. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2008; 95(3) : 695 -708 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Sowislo JF, Orth U. Does low self-esteem predict depression and anxiety? A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychol Bull. 2013; 139(1) : 213 -40 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Martin G, Richardson AS, Bergen HA, Roeger L, Allison S. Perceived academic performance, self-esteem and locus of control as indicators of need for assessment of adolescent suicide risk: implications for teachers. J Adolesc. 2005; 28(1) : 75 -87 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Caplan G. Support systems and community mental health: Lectures on concept development. 1974;
  • 27. Dumont M, Provost MA. Resilience in adolescents: Protective role of social support, coping strategies, self-esteem, and social activities on experience of stress and depression. J Youth Adolescence. 1999; 28(3) : 343 -63
  • 28. Uchino BN. Social support and physical health: Understanding the health consequences of relationships. 2004;
  • 29. Wachelka D, Katz RC. Reducing test anxiety and improving academic self-esteem in high school and college students with learning disabilities. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatr. 1999; 30(3) : 191 -8
  • 30. Yildirim I. Depression, Test Anxiety and Social Support among Turkish Students Preparing for the University Entrance Examination. Eurasian J Educ Res. 2007; (29)
  • 31. Nie Y, Lau S, Liau AK. Role of academic self-efficacy in moderating the relation between task importance and test anxiety. Learn Individ Differ. 2011; 21(6) : 736 -41
  • 32. Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N. A comparison of reliability and construct validity between the original and revised versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Psychiatry Investig. 2012; 9(1) : 54 -8 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Mohammadi N. The preliminary study of validity and reliability of Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale. J Iran Psychol. 2005; 1 : 313 -20
  • 34. Procidano ME, Heller K. Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: Three validation studies. Am J Commun Psychol. 1983; 11(1) : 1 -24
  • 35. Tol A, Majlessi F, Rahimi A, Shojaeizadeh D, Mohebbi B. Determinate relation between perceived social support and relevant factors with hba1c in type 1 diabetic patients. Hospital. 2012; 10(4) : 53 -60
  • 36. Tahmassian K, Anari A. The Relation between domains of self-efficacy and Depression in adolescence. Q J Appl Psychol. 2009; 3(1) : 84 -94
  • 37. Moaddeli Z, Ghazanfari Hesamabadi M. A survey on the students’ exam anxiety in the Fatemeh (PBUH) College of Nursing and Midwifery, Spring 2004. Strid Dev Med Educ. 2005; 1(2) : 65 -72
  • 38. Blackhart GC, Nelson BC, Knowles ML, Baumeister RF. Rejection elicits emotional reactions but neither causes immediate distress nor lowers self-esteem: a meta-analytic review of 192 studies on social exclusion. Pers Soc Psychol Rev. 2009; 13(4) : 269 -309 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Civitci N, Civitci A. Self-esteem as mediator and moderator of the relationship between loneliness and life satisfaction in adolescents. Pers Individ Differ. 2009; 47(8) : 954 -8
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments