International Journal of School Health

Published by: Kowsar

Assessment of Obesity, Unhealthy Food Habits, and Nutritional Knowledge of Primary School Children

Shiva Faghih 1 , 2 , Parisa Keshani 1 , * , Azadeh Salar 1 , Seiedeh Hamideh Rajaei 1 , Zahra Mirzaei 1 , Seyed Mohammad Moosavi 1 and Zeynab Hematdar 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
2 Health Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of School Health: April 01, 2015, 2 (2); e25186
  • Published Online: April 1, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 10, 2014
  • Accepted: February 20, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/intjsh-25186

How to Cite: Faghih S, Keshani P, Salar A, Rajaei S H, Mirzaei Z, et al. Assessment of Obesity, Unhealthy Food Habits, and Nutritional Knowledge of Primary School Children, Int J School Health. 2015 ; 2(2):e25186. doi: 10.17795/intjsh-25186.

Copyright © 2015, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Motlagh ME, Kelishadi R, Ziaoddini H, Mirmoghtadaee P, Poursafa P, Ardalan G, et al. Secular trends in the national prevalence of overweight and obesity during 2007-2009 in 6-year-old Iranian children. J Res Med Sci. 2011; 16(8) : 979 -84 [PubMed]
  • 2. Mirmohammadi SJ, Hafezi R, Mehrparvar AH, Rezaeian B, Akbari H. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Iranian School Children in Different Ethnicities. Iran J Pediatr. 2011; 21(4) : 514 -20 [PubMed]
  • 3. Kelishadi R, Haghdoost AA, Sadeghirad B, Khajehkazemi R. Trend in the prevalence of obesity and overweight among Iranian children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition. 2014; 30(4) : 393 -400 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Ng M, Fleming T, Robinson M, Thomson B, Graetz N, Margono C, et al. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2014; 384(9945) : 766 -81 [PubMed]
  • 5. Malik VS, Willett WC, Hu FB. Global obesity: trends, risk factors and policy implications. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2013; 9(1) : 13 -27 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Nasreddine L, Naja F, Akl C, Chamieh MC, Karam S, Sibai AM, et al. Dietary, lifestyle and socio-economic correlates of overweight, obesity and central adiposity in Lebanese children and adolescents. Nutrients. 2014; 6(3) : 1038 -62 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Jodkowska M, Oblacinska A, Tabak I, Radiukiewicz K. Differences in dietary patterns between overweight and normal-weight adolescents. Med Wieku Rozwoj. 2011; 15(3) : 266 -73 [PubMed]
  • 8. Bradlee ML, Singer MR, Qureshi MM, Moore LL. Food group intake and central obesity among children and adolescents in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). Public Health Nutr. 2010; 13(6) : 797 -805 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Vereecken C, De Pauw A, Van Cauwenbergh S, Maes L. Development and test-retest reliability of a nutrition knowledge questionnaire for primary-school children. Public Health Nutr. 2012; 15(9) : 1630 -8 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Grosso G, Mistretta A, Turconi G, Cena H, Roggi C, Galvano F. Nutrition knowledge and other determinants of food intake and lifestyle habits in children and young adolescents living in a rural area of Sicily, South Italy. Public Health Nutr. 2013; 16(10) : 1827 -36 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Choi ES, Shin NR, Jung EI, Park HR, Lee HM, Song KH. A study on nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior of elementary school children in Seoul. Nutr Res Pract. 2008; 2(4) : 308 -16 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Fahlman MM, McCaughtry N, Martin J, Shen B. Racial and socioeconomic disparities in nutrition behaviors: targeted interventions needed. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2010; 42(1) : 10 -6 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Geoffrey RN. Biostatistics: The Bare Essentials. 1994;
  • 14. Mahan LK, Escott-Stump S, Raymond JL. Krause's food & the nutrition care process. 2012;
  • 15. Dhuper S, Cohen HW, Daniel J, Gumidyala P, Agarwalla V, St Victor R, et al. Utility of the modified ATP III defined metabolic syndrome and severe obesity as predictors of insulin resistance in overweight children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2007; 6 : 4 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Kelishadi R, Gouya MM, Ardalan G, Hosseini M, Motaghian M, Delavari A, et al. First reference curves of waist and hip circumferences in an Asian population of youths: CASPIAN study. J Trop Pediatr. 2007; 53(3) : 158 -64 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Lawshe CH. A quantitative approach to content validity1. Pers Psychol. 1975; 28(4) : 563 -75
  • 18. Mirmiran P, Esfahani FH, Mehrabi Y, Hedayati M, Azizi F. Reliability and relative validity of an FFQ for nutrients in the Tehran lipid and glucose study. Public Health Nutr. 2010; 13(5) : 654 -62 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Behzadnia S, Vahidshahi K, Hamzeh Hosseini S, Anvari S, Ehteshami S. Obesity and related factors in 7-12 year-old elementary school students during 2009-2010 in Sari, Iran. Med Glas (Zenica). 2012; 9(1) : 86 -90 [PubMed]
  • 20. Taheri F, Kazemi T, Chahkandi T, Namakin K, Zardast M, Bijari B. Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity and Central Obesity among Elementary School Children in Birjand, East of Iran, 2012. J Res Health Sci. 2013; 13(2) : 157 -61 [PubMed]
  • 21. Tabesh H, Hosseiny SM, Kompani F, Saki A, Firoozabadi MS, Chenary R, et al. Prevalence and trend of overweight and obesity among schoolchildren in Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran. Glob J Health Sci. 2014; 6(2) : 35 -41 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Rahmanian M, Kelishadi R, Qorbani M, Motlagh ME, Shafiee G, Aminaee T, et al. Dual burden of body weight among Iranian children and adolescents in 2003 and 2010: the CASPIAN-III study. Arch Med Sci. 2014; 10(1) : 96 -103 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Gheiratmand R, Sheikholeslam R, Majdzadeh SR, Delavari AR, et al. Do the dietary habits of our community warrant health of children and adolescents now and in future? CASPIAN Study. Iran J Pediatr. 2005; 15(2) : 97 -109
  • 24. Esfarjani F, Roustaee R, Mohammadi-Nasrabadi F, Esmaillzadeh A. Major dietary patterns in relation to stunting among children in Tehran, Iran. J Health Popul Nutr. 2013; 31(2) : 202 -10 [PubMed]
  • 25. Tallarini A, Zabeo A, Ferraretto A. Nutritional knowledge in an Italian population of children, pre-adolescents and adolescents. Public Health Nutr. 2014; 17(3) : 708 -14 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Kersting M, Sichert-Hellert W, Vereecken CA, Diehl J, Beghin L, De Henauw S, et al. Food and nutrient intake, nutritional knowledge and diet-related attitudes in European adolescents. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008; 32 Suppl 5 -41 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Mirmiran P, Azadbakht L, Azizi F. Dietary behaviour of Tehranian adolescents does not accord with their nutritional knowledge. Public Health Nutr. 2007; 10(9) : 897 -901 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Bilic-Kirin V, Gmajnic R, Burazin J, Milicic V, Buljan V, Ivanko M. Association between socioeconomic status and obesity in children. Coll Antropol. 2014; 38(2) : 553 -8 [PubMed]
  • 29. Mushtaq MU, Gull S, Abdullah HM, Shahid U, Shad MA, Akram J. Prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of overweight and obesity among Pakistani primary school children. BMC Public Health. 2011; 11 : 724 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Cebeci AN, Guven A. Does maternal obesity have an influence on feeding behavior of obese children? Minerva Pediatr. 2014; [PubMed]
  • 31. Kolodziej K, Piaseczna-Piotrowska A, Strzelczyk J. [Environmental conditions and family prevalence of obesity in children]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2010; 28(165) : 195 -8 [PubMed]
  • 32. Yi X, Yin C, Chang M, Xiao Y. Prevalence and risk factors of obesity among school-aged children in Xi'an, China. Eur J Pediatr. 2012; 171(2) : 389 -94 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Dundar C, Oz H. Obesity-related factors in Turkish school children. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012; 2012 : 353485 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Raiah M, Talhi R, Mesli MF. [Overweight and obesity in children aged 6-11 years: prevalence and associated factors in Oran]. Sante Publique. 2012; 24(6) : 561 -71 [PubMed]
  • 35. Thibault H, Carriere C, Langevin C, Kossi Deti E, Barberger-Gateau P, Maurice S. Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in French primary-school children. Public Health Nutr. 2013; 16(2) : 193 -201 [PubMed]
  • 36. Shang X, Li Y, Liu A, Zhang Q, Hu X, Du S, et al. Dietary pattern and its association with the prevalence of obesity and related cardiometabolic risk factors among Chinese children. PLoS One. 2012; 7(8)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Rodriguez-Ramirez S, Mundo-Rosas V, Garcia-Guerra A, Shamah-Levy T. Dietary patterns are associated with overweight and obesity in Mexican school-age children. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2011; 61(3) : 270 -8 [PubMed]
  • 38. Bandini LG, Schoeller DA, Cyr HN, Dietz WH. Validity of reported energy intake in obese and nonobese adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr. 1990; 52(3) : 421 -5 [PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments