International Journal of School Health

Published by: Kowsar

The Prevalence of High Blood Pressure Among Children aged 11-18 Years in Birjand District, Eastern Iran in 2012: A Cross-Sectional Study

Fatemeh Taheri 1 , Kokab Namakin 1 , * , Toba Kazemi 2 , Tayeb Chahkandi 1 , Bita Bijari 1 and Mahmoud Zardast 1
Authors Information
1 Birjand Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS), Birjand, IR Iran
2 Birjand Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Research Center, Department of Cardiology, Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS), Birjand, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of School Health: July 01, 2014, 1 (2); e22014
  • Published Online: July 20, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 10, 2013
  • Revised: August 12, 2013
  • Accepted: April 10, 2014
  • DOI: 10.17795/intjsh-22014

To Cite: Taheri F, Namakin K, Kazemi T, Chahkandi T, Bijari B, et al. The Prevalence of High Blood Pressure Among Children aged 11-18 Years in Birjand District, Eastern Iran in 2012: A Cross-Sectional Study, Int J School Health. 2014 ; 1(2):e22014. doi: 10.17795/intjsh-22014.

Copyright © 2014, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Kazemi T, Sharifzadeh G, Zarban A, Fesharakinia A. Comparison of components of metabolic syndrome in premature myocardial infarction in an Iranian population: a case -control study. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(1): 110-4[PubMed]
  • 2. Chiolero A, Paradis G, Madeleine G, Hanley JA, Paccaud F, Bovet P. Discordant secular trends in elevated blood pressure and obesity in children and adolescents in a rapidly developing country. Circulation. 2009; 119(4): 558-65[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Chen X, Wang Y. Tracking of blood pressure from childhood to adulthood: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Circulation. 2008; 117(25): 3171-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Raj M, Krishnakumar R. Hypertension in children and adolescents: epidemiology and pathogenesis. Indian J Pediatr. 2013; 80 Suppl 1-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Brady TM, Solomon BS, Neu AM, Siberry GK, Parekh RS. Patient-, provider-, and clinic-level predictors of unrecognized elevated blood pressure in children. Pediatrics. 2010; 125(6)-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. May AL, Kuklina EV, Yoon PW. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among US adolescents, 1999-2008. Pediatrics. 2012; 129(6): 1035-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Gheiratmand R, Majdzadeh R, Delavari A, Heshmat R, et al. Blood pressure and its influencing factors in a national representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents: the CASPIAN Study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2006; 13(6): 956-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Salem Z . [Prevalence of high Blood Pressure of schoolchildren in Rafsanjan]. Iran J Diabetes Lipid Disord. 2010; 9(2): 198-205
  • 9. Derakhshan MR. Blood pressure distribution in 11-17 year-old students and its correlation with their height and weight in Hamadan. PAJOUHESH DAR PEZESHKI. 2002; 26(2): 93-100
  • 10. National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in C. The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2004; 114(2 Suppl 4th Report): 555-76[PubMed]
  • 11. Falkner B, Gidding SS, Portman R, Rosner B. Blood pressure variability and classification of prehypertension and hypertension in adolescence. Pediatrics. 2008; 122(2): 238-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Juarez-Rojas JG, Cardoso-Saldana GC, Posadas-Sanchez R, Medina-Urrutia AX, Yamamoto-Kimura L, Posadas-Romero C. Blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of Mexico City. Arch Cardiol Mex. 2008; 78(4): 384-91[PubMed]
  • 13. Ostrowska-Nawarycz L, Nawarycz T. Prevalence of excessive body weight and high blood pressure in children and adolescents in the city of Lodz. Kardiol Pol. 2007; 65(9): 1079-87[PubMed]
  • 14. McNiece KL, Poffenbarger TS, Turner JL, Franco KD, Sorof JM, Portman RJ. Prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension among adolescents. J Pediatr. 2007; 150(6): 640-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Azizi F, Rahmani M, Emami H, Mirmiran P, Hajipour R, Madjid M, et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in an Iranian urban population: Tehran lipid and glucose study (phase 1). Soz Praventivmed. 2002; 47(6): 408-26[PubMed]
  • 16. Moser DC, Giuliano Ide C, Titski AC, Gaya AR, Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Leite N. Anthropometric measures and blood pressure in school children. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2013; 89(3): 243-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Zhang YX, Zhao JS, Sun GZ, Lin M, Chu ZH. Prevalent trends in relatively high blood pressure among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Ann Hum Biol. 2012; 39(3): 259-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Hosseini M, Ataei N, Aghamohammadi A, Yousefifard M, Taslimi S, Ataei F. The relation of body mass index and blood pressure in Iranian children and adolescents aged 7-18 years old. Iran J Public Health. 2010; 39(4): 126-34[PubMed]
  • 19. Aounallah-Skhiri H, El Ati J, Traissac P, Ben Romdhane H, Eymard-Duvernay S, Delpeuch F, et al. Blood pressure and associated factors in a North African adolescent population. a national cross-sectional study in Tunisia. BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 98[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Kollias A, Antonodimitrakis P, Grammatikos E, Chatziantonakis N, Grammatikos EE, Stergiou GS. Trends in high blood pressure prevalence in Greek adolescents. J Hum Hypertens. 2009; 23(6): 385-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Dasgupta K, O'Loughlin J, Chen S, Karp I, Paradis G, Tremblay J, et al. Emergence of sex differences in prevalence of high systolic blood pressure: analysis of a longitudinal adolescent cohort. Circulation. 2006; 114(24): 2663-70[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments